Occasional forgetting where you placed your car keys or someone’s name is a regular part of life. Mild forgetfulness is part of aging. You can also forget a few things when you are tired or sleepy. Such short-term forgetfulness should not terrify you since they are far from acute memory loss.
An acute memory loss is a condition where you cannot recall anything at all – or make a picture of things that just happened. These may include the inability to remember specific events, someone’s name that you just met, directions to a familiar place, among other examples. In this case, just know that something is going amiss.
Acute memory loss leads to problems with language mastery, slow thinking, and the inability to make decisions. The memory loss can occur over an extended period, or it may be abrupt depending on the cause.
Older people, mostly over 65 years of age, are more vulnerable to memory loss. However, younger people can be affected as well. There are different causes of acute memory loss. Here are some of the things that lead to the loss of memory.
The lack of supply of blood to the brain deprives the brain oxygen and causes the brain cells to die. Almost a third of people who suffer from stroke develop memory problems and have difficulties undertaking routine daily tasks. These difficulties can worsen with age.
2. Alzheimer’s Disease:
This disease occurs when brain tissues and nerve cells die. It can also result from the shortage of certain chemicals in the brain, which usually transmits messages in the brain. Alzheimer’s disease occurs slowly, and the symptoms are gradual.
Some of these include challenges in performing familiar tasks, asking the same questions repeatedly, inability to recognize relatives and friends, as well as confusing the date and time.
3. Head Injury:
This can be either mild or traumatic injury and can lead to sudden memory loss. It is common for patients with head injury to forget places, names, how to undertake tasks, and their trail of thought.
The memory loss is more severe if one loses consciousness for more than 30 minutes after the injury. Depending on the severity of the injury, this loss can be short term or long term. In cases of traumatic head injury, the patient may have to relearn simple everyday tasks.
4. Drug Misuse and Abuse:
Prescription medication, illicit drugs, alcohol, and smoking can cause memory loss. Some prescription medicine includes sleeping pills, antidepressants, muscle relaxers.
Illicit drugs can sometimes change the chemical composition of the brain affecting memory. Smoking deprives the brain of oxygen, and over time, it affects the memory.
Overconsumption of alcohol can cause brain impairment leading to an acute memory loss. The patient may struggle to learn something new, focus or remember something that he or she learned in the past.
Stress, anxiety, and depression can also cause short-term memory loss. Depressed people find it difficult to concentrate, comprehend, and even remember specific details. The memory loss can start slowly and then worsen over time.
What You Can Do about Acute Memory Loss:
The problem happens to affect people of all the ages, depending on the cause. However, most of the causes of acute memory loss are age-related and occur as one gets older. Understanding the root problem is vital in seeking appropriate medical care services. With proper diagnosis, you can get the right treatment for memory loss.