Hormones are responsible for the proper functioning of the body. An imbalance in female hormones can cause anxiety, mood swings, depression, and weight changes. The fluctuation of hormones also affects the reproductive system, including the fertility, menstrual cycle, and menopause.
On the other hand, a correct balance of hormones can lead to a healthy mind and body. It is, therefore, vital that you understand which female hormones are important and promote their balance to prevent any health problems.
Here are some of the important female hormones you must monitor.
1. Estrogen Hormone:
This female hormone is produced in the ovaries. It is responsible for the growth of the female reproductive system and controls the menstrual cycle. Estrogen hormone increases or decreases depending on whether the egg has been fertilized. It also plays other roles like stopping ovulation during pregnancy, bone formation, and lactation.
Estrogen declines drastically as women age. The decline can lead to osteoporosis, mood changes, low libido, and hot flashes. The women finally enter menopause. To prevent these side effects, the doctor can prescribe medications with estrogen that will help the body attain the right balance.
2. Progesterone Hormone:
This important hormone is also produced in the ovaries. It prepares the female body for conception and pregnancy by helping the uterus get ready to receive and nourish the baby. Progesterone works together with Estrogen to facilitate breastfeeding in women.
When the progesterone is low, it can cause difficulty in conception or the inability carry the pregnancy to full term. Women who are not pregnant but have low progesterone can also experience migraines, irregular menstrual cycle, and mood changes. Therefore, this is an important hormone to monitor.
3. Testosterone Hormone:
Yes! Women also have testosterone. The ovaries produce and release it to the bloodstream. If there is an imbalance of the testosterone hormone, it causes irregular periods. It may also lead to hair loss, acne, weight gain, slow metabolism, and infertility.
The production of Testosterone significantly goes down as women age and enter menopause. The doctor needs to test and determine its levels and prescribe effective treatments.
4. Prolactin Hormone:
This is yet another vital hormone for women to monitor. The production of Prolactin takes place in the brain by the pituitary gland. This important female hormone helps women to produce breast milk after childbirth.
in the event of excess production, Prolactin can cause tumors in the pituitary gland. These are usually benign but they can cause visual impairment, headaches, and dizziness. The growth of this tumor may also lead to the production of breast milk when one is not pregnant, vaginal dryness, as well as irregular periods.
You can determine the level of Prolactin with a blood test. The test can also determine the nature of treatment required. Prescription medicine is adequate but surgery, in some cases, may be required to remove it.
5. Cortisol Hormone:
Adrenal glands, that are right above the kidneys, are responsible for the production of the female hormone cortisol. It is also known as the stress hormone since the body produces it when under stress.
Too much stress can lead to its overproduction, which overworks the adrenal glands. This causes fatigue, depression, anxiety, irritability, and weight gain. Controlling stress helps reduce the chances of the body overproducing this hormone.
Important Female Hormones Summary:
The impact of hormonal imbalance, as discussed above, stress the need to understand the hormones in your body and to monitor their fluctuations. Monitoring your female hormones empowers you to understand your body and seek proper medical attention.